The Real Vasa, Galleon 1200 tons and 69 meters in length, armed with 64 guns of various calibres, is one of the most famous cases in history, for the short time that remained in service (a flote); have, but in that 15 minutes after being launched.
The King Gustav II Adolf 1620, in order to maintain control over the Baltic, during the Thirty Years War, in which they were involved various countries like Poland, Germany and Sweden, decided to build four vessels, two of them of large size by the time we talked, one Vasa.
After the cut of Thousand Oaks, carpenters began in 1626 with templates, tirelessly to produce the various elements of the ship. At the time of which we are talking, Construction planes were not as we know today; but made use of a series of "ratios" preset for each type of vessel, that were considered ideal to provide the best features in navigation.
There was only a "small problem", that these proportions were thought to shed a single bridge, regardless that the King had ordered these dimensions (69 meters), but with two bridges with the idea of presenting the enemy a large ship with two rows of guns on each side. This configuration, requirement of the King, had the disadvantage not considered by manufacturers, their weights in height from his sleeve dangerously elevated center of gravity.
The Vasa sank on the day of her launch; in several documents, said the ship from the beginning with a light wind had suspected that eventually escorarlo balances and resulting water entering the pockets of the lower deck guns, which quickly filled their warehouses, causing it to collapse 15 minute lead anchors, as we mentioned at the beginning of the first post.
After 300 years at the bottom of the sea and located in 1956, was rescued in 1961 after a laborious process and transferred to "Vasa" Museum, where the remains were impregnated with special liquids to preserve.
Models and museum photos: