The news of this week I dedicate to Exponav collaborator Juan José María, former professor at UDC (among other duties), it reminded me of the milestone launch of this ship a few weeks ago, story I have continued to fuel these days to summarize what was his short life story.
Class Cardinal Cisneros was a series of three armored cruisers of the Spanish Armada that were delivered between 1902 and 1908. Under the provisions of the Plan bracket 1887, a royal order of 17 September of 1888 ordered the construction of three cruises, sophisticated types of Infanta Maria Teresa Class.
Technically, these cruises "protected" first, although it might be more appropriate to call them cruise to the term "battleship", They were then, with slight modifications, corresponding to the armored cruisers Infanta María Teresa Class, all lost in the naval Battle of Santiago de Cuba, and in fact only the delay in construction prevented to take part in the contest, to then be under construction at the shipyard in Ferrol.
The "Cardenal Cisneros", It was an armored cruiser of the Spanish Armada, class leader that received its name in memory of Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, Cardinal, Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain, third Inquisitor General of Castile after the death of Ferdinand, regent of Castile.
The keel of the first ship of the series was put on the stands of Royal Shipyards Ferrol Esteiro the 1 September of 1890, although not actually works began to launching cruise Alfonso XII 21 August 1891, since the reduction of personnel and materials made to stay paralyzed construction. Cisneros was launched on 19 March 1897 and entered into service 1 September of 1902, becoming the first of its kind to enter service, despite not being the first to get in bounds.
Between 1 and 15 August 1902 Cardinal Cisneros made her sea trials. The 23 October, it washed up against the dike Bell arsenal while its crew, moor the ship was facing the old dam to complete the work, when he played with the bow on a low stone. The technicians did not give importance to the accident and the ship managed to stay afloat at high tide.
Behind him two other twin cruisers were built over, the Princess of Asturias and Catalonia, both operating in 1908. The most striking Princess of Asturias, built in the arsenal of the Carrack (Cádiz), was his "rough launch", where they took several tries over several days, finally performing for itself thanks to the sea tides (here we have the story material for another week). For these reasons, the masses of the time put the Princess of Asturias nicknamed "the arrastrao" to fail one after another all attempts to throw it. And when, finally, appeared floating in the sea, became the 'spontaneous'. These events served several jokes argument Carnival of Cádiz 1897, very dear to those lands.
Between April and May 1904 Cardinal Cisneros gave escort the royal yacht Giralda, onto which the King sat, on a journey that took him to several Spanish ports.
The 13 January 1905, Cisneros, alongside Pelayo, Carlos V, Princess of Asturias, Extremadura, Rio de la Plata and Infanta Isabel met in Cadiz for the Dukes of Connaught on his visit to Cadiz, which came on board the cruiser HMS Essex. Day 5 February 1905 Cardinal Cisneros, that was part of the squad training, he anchored in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Besides the two aforementioned ships, cruises Carlos V, Princess of Asturias, Rio de la Plata and Extremadura. The ships of the squadron remained in those waters until the day 25 that month, they sailed in the direction of the peninsula.
But back to the title of the news, I would emphasize that the operational life of the head of the "Cardenal Cisneros" series was extremely short, since 28 October 1905, just three years after its entry into service, sank, according to the official version, a result of hitting his helmet with a rock not marked on the chart as he was leaving the Ria de Noya demanding the port of Ferrol. The ship was built at the naval division of instruction for performing exercises in the Galician, and lifted her anchor in Muros Ferrol bound for the occasion to repair some minor problems in boilers. When passing a 2,6 miles of low Meixidos, It touched a low, the mapping, he tore over 50 meters from its hull, extending across the boiler and part of the bow machine. Faced with such damage, flooding could not be controlled, however giving time to the entire crew was saved (550 people), sinking the ship bow. Therefore there was no fatalities among the crew, to be evacuated with the help of local fishermen, although there were several wounded. In gratitude for the assistance rendered the shipwrecked, King Alfonso XIII granted to the town of Muros a year later the title of "Great Humanitarian", since then on the municipal coat of arms.
Returning to the event, note that by forgetting the quartermaster collect the logbook, could not be ascertained exactly where the helmet struck with rock, and that made him ripped away from each 2,5 miles from the impact site. Shortly after the court-martial, sentenced the captain of the ship to a one year suspension of employment, under Article 198 the Criminal Code of the Navy, for negligence in the logbook have not picked, being free of charge, however, by the loss of the ship.
The wreck of the cruise Cardinal Cisneros in low Meixidos, next to walls caused a stir in the Galicia of his time, especially since soon became clear that these were erroneously low probed. Weeks after the accident, the Hydrographer of the Navy, following the report made by the commanding general of the fleet, pointed out that the ship had hit a stone called needle, that was not on the chart, and that was about two miles west of Meixidos. It showed that this low, that the letter was only one mile extension, reached more than three and the needle caused the accident was six feet below the surface. At the time of the wreck was low tide. The survey vessel Urania confirmed what advanced. In the meantime, it should give a receipt Meixidos four miles west of the indicated in the chart number 124, o sea, two miles of said road map expressing, on page 528.
One can notice that the life of the twins Cisneros was longer and quiet, since it was extended to 1928, date on which they were removed after an active part in the war in Morocco. The two ships were sold at public auction in the estuary of Bilbao for scrapping in 1930.
To finish the story I note that from October 2006 the watery grave of "Cardenal Cisneros' already in the charts. It happened like this:
In 2004 Galician divers José Manuel Silva and Juan Montero and Basque Unai Artaloitia, school instructors Technical Diving International, found the hull of the destroyer Blas de Lezo, that the pike in fue 1932 off the coast of Finisterre. That summer he explored thoroughly boat, but the adventure did not end there. Silva told that they knew was not far battleship Cardinal Cisneros and wanted to be the first to give him. But locate in the marine cemetery is the sea of the Costa da Morte was not, in principle, easy. Regarding al incident happened 100 years ago they thought that it is more likely that the official equivocase course that fateful day. They thought that perhaps thought he had exceeded Baixos of Meixidos and that did not happen, Alejandro explained Anca, naval researcher and author of The armored cruiser "Cardenal Cisneros". Anca Alejandro Alamillo (Madrid 1968) is documentary, profession exercised for fifteen years at the most prestigious law firm in Spain. From a young age has felt special attraction for naval history, getting published his first work in doctrinal 1997. Since then, has published fifty articles in journals, Spanish as Marina General Magazine, The Adventure of History, o Historia 16 and, foreign, Magazine as Gangut, Russian; The ships of war, Polish; or the prestigious International Warship, American.
But back to the remains, now have exact coordinates. About five miles south of the site of Blas de Lezo, Silva, Montero and found the wreck Artaloitia, a century and a year after shipwreck, to 65 meters deep. A local fisherman, helped them find their indications, like Paul and Manuel, two sea lions. They were a whole day looking for the place, snorkelling and saw two helmets. The next day, returned because it could go on without knowing if it was in the boat. And confirmation came when they saw a large canyon and located between the sand a scapular, a piece of lead divers wore old chest and back as ballast. You can still read it "Cisneros" and "Ferrol", shipyard which built, with a score of 153 injured workers and four deaths.
What appears below was written in the handwriting of one of the divers:
"Unai and José Manuel was drop another bow out and fix it in the barrel of the gun" Guillen "240mm. We stop long in this area you will find the scattered remains of the bridge — completely undone– and the armored carrier that served functions commander conning tower and tower battle. The camera films the elements of communication and multiple components ... Sheets, pipes, cables, thousands of kilos of ammunition scattered and gathered various calibers next to the main bow gun, that remains sideways and flipped over a rock. Navigating a little more towards the bow we find one of the anchors –perhaps the port-is horizontal and the scattered remains concealed on. It reminds me of one of those pastimes "quid" in which a figure is hidden in the middle of a drawing. A pair of huge plates show large gaps - escobenes– where still run the big chains that supported the weight of the anchors. Part of what looks like a crane, lifting turnstiles etc. However there is no longer beautiful bow displaying the vessel. Instead large plates that formed and many appear twisted metal falls. Just starboard side there is a fully vertical drop in the rock about 15 from 20 meters as a gorge which have crept parts and plates of this part of the ship. If you stop for a while wandering around the area, You can find lots of ammo and some of the smaller 57mm cannon. "North Field". I watch for a while the big foot rudder, José Manuel shows me the anchor as the camera flashes Jesus no longer triggered. Once accustomed to the gloom, the view can be recreated in a more detailed observation, in the details and impressions ".
But the short life of the ship also led to several anecdotes, as recorded in the book of Anca. The commander, Manuel Díaz Iglesias, almost sinking with Cardinal Cisneros: when there was no one on board, He clung to the bridge and three of her crew had to remove it by force. The chaplain of the ship, meanwhile, he threw it over a portable altar of the Virgin of Carmen in order to save. He floated until it disappeared swallowed by the whirlpool. Nor were spared the 30.000 pesetas silver and all tickets that were in the safe, evacuation because the key is lost. Find that box would be like finding a needle in a haystack.
To end this story, I'll make a small tribute to the introduction of character that appears in the title of the news, Olegario. Who is this fisherman?:
So the mystery remains for next week, because I have this extended and much ......