This vessel, whose full name was "Our Lady of Guadalupe and San Antonio" was launched in Campeche 1703, costing the number of 100.000 pesos. It was built to serve as a captain in the Navy of Barlovento, but the serious deficiencies of the Spanish Armada in terms of number of units, forced to use the ship in multiple missions, both in America and in European waters. The Armada de Barlovento, contained a naval training 50 vessels and was created by the Spanish Empire Americans to protect their overseas territories attacks from its European enemies, well as pirates and privateers. The Windward Armada would be dissolved after the Treaty of Utrecht early eighteenth century.
The Guadalupe, commanded by Captain D. Gabriel Mendinueta, sailed from Cadiz with the Fleet Azogues 13 July 1724. He was accompanied by the ship San José, Tolosa alias, commanded by Captain D. Sebastian de Villaseñor. They were loaded with 368 tons of mercury and a thousand passengers, between. They made a stop in Tenerife and Puerto Rico came to the 13 August to wash and repair the mast of the ship Tolosa, returning to sail on 23. In Puerto Rico route to Havana surprised them the temporary 24 August, entering the south side of the Bay of Samaná (Current Dominican Republic) to seek refuge. Late at night and passed out of San Rafael, temporary full, Guadalupe the ship ran aground on a reef, Toulouse continued while the same fate the next morning.
Del "Magnifying glass"They saved a 500 crew and passengers 600 that Iban board, while there were only Tolosa 30 other survivors 600 men. General Guevara, in command of the operation, died in one of the boats, Commander being saved Mendinueta. Our ship showed the good quality of its timber Campeche and had served ten years in the opinion of the time.
The Guadalupe was located in the early 70 in the waters of Samana Bay by fishermen from the nearby town of Miches in the Dominican Republic. Following the intervention of the Dominican Navy, an extraction permit was granted to rescue items that appeared on the site. The work lasted nearly a year and extracted near 20.000 Parts. In 1992, the collaboration of a group of Spanish researchers asked and began what GALEONES AZOGUE called DRAFT. The aim of the project was the extensive documentation of the remains of the galleon, study and analysis of associated materials.
Focusing only on the work done on the ship, dump the existing information held in the Spanish archives being located that included extensive documentation relating to Judicial Autos shipwreck, the course and the list of passengers. With regard to loading the registry is located, Purchase contracts headings and boarding tickets. With regard to vessel construction contracts and supplementary sources were located on the rigging, equipment,… Full planimetric survey was conducted, clearly separating the work towards the study of Architecture and Shipbuilding.
Complementing, the wreck was photographed performing detailed photographs. Given the poor visibility and the enormous dimensions of the reservoir, was decided to perform a mosaic using a video camera and trying images with appropriate software.
The reconstruction process was conducted in two phases. A first devoted to the study of Shipbuilding by identifying structural elements that provide data relating to the qualification of the vessel. A previous hypothesis would be proven later raised. This has left the longitudinal section of the site, in which the reference elements are identified. From the archive data profile was drawn and adjusted to material evidence located. The ship's structure was restored from the characteristic elements, cockpits for bats, struts on each slide, remains of bunkers, etc…
The rigging was sized based on archival documentation and completing missing data from contemporaneous documentation. The study aimed Naval Architecture reconstruction of shapes of the galleon. A first campaign was a fairly approximate results although several mistakes were made, main, motivated by the use of a non-primary source document indicating inaccurate values for the dimensions of the vessel. In a second phase the fine were drawn from contrasting ways similar vessel in the same time.
Taking a perimeter line reservoir, sufficiently proved the suitability of the methods obtained was found. Adjustments were made by a suitable software tool.
The results allowed the construction of a scale model of the galleon.